President of Morocco’s National Rally of Independents (RNI) Aziz Akhannouch, speaks during a press conference in the capital Rabat, after his party came in first in parliamentary and local elections, on September 9, 2021. – Morocco’s long-ruling Islamists have suffered a crushing defeat in parliamentary elections, coming far behind their main liberal rivals, the National Rally of Independents (RNI) and the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) seen as close to the palace, according to provisional results. (Photo by FADEL SENNA / AFP)
Parties seen as close to Morocco’s king have dealt a crushing blow to the long-ruling Islamists in parliamentary elections, preliminary results announced on Thursday showed.
The Justice and Development Party (PJD), which had headed the governing coalition for a decade, saw its support collapse from 125 seats in the outgoing assembly to just 12, Interior Minister Abdelouafi Laftit told a press briefing after Wednesday’s vote.
Former prime minister and ex-PJD leader Abdelilha Benkirane urged the current party boss Saad-Eddine El Othmani to resign and the latter later stepped down.
The PJD was far behind its main rivals, the National Rally of Independents (RNI) and the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM), with 97 and 82 seats respectively, and the centre-right Istiqlal party with 78 in the 395-seat assembly
A Moroccan man casts his ballot on September 8, 2021 in Rabat as Moroccans vote in parliamentary and local elections. (Photo by FADEL SENNA / AFP)
The Istiqlal (Independence) party, Morocco’s oldest, made a remarkable comeback, adding 32 seats.
The RNI, which was a junior member of the governing coalition, is headed by billionaire businessman Aziz Akhannouch, described as close to the palace.
And the main opposition PAM was founded by the current royal adviser, Fouad Ali El Himma, in 2008.
Akhannouch on Thursday hailed “the popular will for change”, calling the results “a victory for democracy”.
– High turnout –
The magnitude of the Islamists’ defeat was unexpected as, despite the absence of opinion polls that are banned near election time, the media and analysts had believed the PJD would still come first.
Swept to power in the wake of the 2011 uprisings around the Middle East and North Africa, the PJD had hoped to secure a third term leading a ruling coalition.
King Mohammed VI will name a prime minister from the party that won the poll to govern the nation of 36 million for the next five years, succeeding Othmani.
The final results should be known later on Thursday.
Turnout was 50.35 percent, the interior minister said, higher than the 43 percent at the previous legislative polls in 2016, but lower than the 53 percent during the 2015 local elections.
But changes to the voting system meant it was the first time Morocco’s 18 million voters cast ballots in both parliamentary and local elections on the same day, in an effort to boost turnout.
Political scientist Ismail Hammoudi said internal PJD policy squabbles after Benkirane was ousted as party leader contributed to its defeat.
He said that even the party’s religious arm “did not urge its members to vote PJD”.
– ‘Dustbin of history‘ –
Analyst Mustapha Sehimi said the fact that Othmani’s position was seen to be a compromise greatly weakened the Islamists’ position.
According to French historian Paul Vermeren, Benkirane’s ouster combined with Morocco’s normalisation last year of ties with Israel put paid to the PJD, consigning it “to the dustbin of history”.
Benkirane used Facebook on Thursday to urge Othmani to quit.
“After learning of the painful defeat that our party has suffered, the party secretary-general must take responsibility and resign,” he wrote.
In 2011, the North African kingdom adopted a new constitution devolving many of the monarch’s powers to the parliament and the government.
But regardless of who holds elected office, major decisions still come from initiatives of King Mohammed VI.
– ‘New reforms‘ –
On Wednesday, the Islamists alleged “serious irregularities,” including “obscene cash handouts” near polling stations and “confusion” on some electoral rolls, with some voters finding they were not listed.
However, the interior minister said voting took place “under normal circumstances” apart from some isolated incidents.
The short, largely lacklustre election campaign, with no large gatherings because of the coronavirus, had already been marred by accusations of vote-buying.
The PJD and the RNI also exchanged heated barbs in the final days ahead of the vote.
Benkirane attacked Akhannouch in a fiery Facebook video on Sunday.
“The head of government must be a political personality with integrity who is above suspicion,” he said.
Akhannouch retorted on Monday that the attacks were “an admission of failure” by his opponents.
After the 2016 elections, the RNI leader secured critical ministerial jobs for his party, including the economy and finance and industry portfolios.
For the first time since the first elections were held in Morocco in 1960, parties’ shares of seats will be calculated based on registered voters, rather than those who actually cast their ballots, in an amendment seen as favouring smaller parties.
Whatever the final outcome, political parties are expected to sign up to a charter for a “new model of development” with a “new generation of reforms and projects” in the coming years, the king has announced.
The plan’s major aims include reducing Morocco’s wealth gap and doubling per-capita economic output by 2035.